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HDL cholesterol, the so-called “good cholesterol”, is a molecule in our body that transports fatty acids from unhealthy deposits in the blood vessels and tissues back to the liver. This molecule should be higher than 40 mg/dL in our blood, and higher levels are considered to cause protective effects in the heart and circulatory system. Cholesterol levels are affected by diet, our weight, whether or not we perform physical activity, and other factors like genetics, age, and gender.

Out of all the vitamins known to man, there is a particular group of related compounds that although chemically distinct from each other are often found in the same foods and all have vital roles in cell metabolism. This group of vitamins is known as the Vitamin B complex. There are eight vitamins in the B complex family, and they are Vitamin B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B7, B9, and B12. All of the B complex vitamins are water soluble meaning they are not stored in the body and therefore must constantly be replenished through foods or dietary supplements.

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin, meaning excess compound is not excreted by your body but instead stored in fatty tissues from where it is pulled when your body needs it. Very few foods contain this critical vitamin in high enough concentrations where dietary inclusion will count for much.

Uric acid is a substance with a bad reputation, and for a very good reason. It can cause joint pain because it is arranged in crystals that build up around our joints and causes what we know as gout. They can cause kidney stones as well, which are pretty painful and can cause serious problems in adults and children. This is why uric acid levels should be taken into consideration, especially in males, and normal blood values are 2.4 to 6mg per deciliter of blood in women and 3.4 to 7mg per deciliter of blood in men.

You might have seen it in chemistry class, one of the first metals when memorizing the periodic table, an essential trace element, which is needed in small amounts for our health. When you hear its name, you might recall those TV commercials and the big amount of products with Zinc. This element needs to be consumed in small amounts every day so it can keep you heathy and preventing any sort of infection. It also helps to lots of diseases regarding our senses, especially our sight, and our taste. Being low in Zinc can distort your sight as consequence of a change in your retina.

People have conflicting thoughts about Omega 6. Some would suggest it is an essential fatty acid and others would tag omega 6 as a major cause for cardiovascular problems and diseases. The truth lies somewhere in between, and recent research has pointed out the omega 3:omega 6 ratio as a measure for cardiovascular risk, instead of pointing omega 6 as the bad guy. Linoleic acid (different from alpha linoleic acid) and Arachidonic acid, members of the omega 6 family, are essential fatty acids that support brain function, our reproductive health, bone health and even hair growth.

Selenium is an essential mineral in the body. When combined with vitamin E selenium works as an antioxidant in fighting cell damage associated with aging, heart disease, and cancer. Selenium is also an important mineral in the production of thyroid hormone. It is needed for the proper functioning of the immune system, for sperm motility and for reducing the risk of miscarriages. If you smoke cigarettes, drink alcohol or are taking birth control pills, you might be absorbing less selenium than you need.

Hail Vitamin C. What can we say about it? We know vitamin C for as long as we can remember, and people always said positive things about orange juice and health when we were kids. Therefore, it’s very commonto hear about its health benefits along with a proper diet. It works in many ways since this Ascorbic Acid is suitable for the process ofwound healing and inflammation, it's useful for skin diseases, preventing wrinkles, and skin spots. As such, a deficientconsumption of this vitamin results in various conditions related to the systems and body functions mentioned above.

Potassium is an electrolyte, meaning it is in charge amongst other things with conducting electricity throughout the body. Potassium is essential for the proper function of cells, tissues, and organs in the body. Potassium is crucial to muscle contraction making it essential for the digestive and cardiac systems. Having adequate potassium serum levels is extremely important as a deficiency can manifest in many different diseases. There is a very delicate interplay between potassium, sodium, and magnesium blood levels.

Phosphorous is the second most abundant mineral in the human body after calcium. Phosphorous and calcium work closely together to build a strong skeleton and teeth. In fact, most of the phosphorous in your body is in your bones and teeth with only a small percentage spread throughout your other tissues and blood. Phosphorous is intricately involved in the kidney's waste removal processes and plays an essential role in the body's ability to store energy and use it.

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